About Kieran Foy

Posts by Kieran Foy:

The importance of warming up II

The importance of warming up II

We outlined a potential warm-up template a little while ago. While warming up should be taken for granted by coaches, some coaches don’t implement correct warm-up procedures and as a result the risk of injury to the athlete remains elevated. The latest in a long line of research on warming-up and injury prevention is published(…)

Caffeine and exercise II: RSA and endurance

Caffeine and exercise II: RSA and endurance

We have previously discussed that caffeine is an ergogenic aid which has been shown to improve endurance performance and reduce subjective perceptions of effort. A study published recently highlights the positive effect of caffeine ingestion on repeated sprint ability (RSA). 14 experienced male cyclists consumed either 6mg.kg of caffeine or placebo before participating in a(…)

LTAD, “windows of opportunity” and athlete development

LTAD, “windows of opportunity” and athlete development

The LTAD model proposed by Balyi & Hamilton (2004) outlines a framework for the development of motor-skills and physical skills which run parallel to a chronological age profile of an athlete. It is an ambitious project that attempts to explain the physiological development of a young athlete all the way to adulthood. It has been(…)

Early specialization v multilateral development II

Early specialization v multilateral development II

The effect of early specialization on long-term athlete development is evidenced on physical and psychological levels. Harre et al. (1982) compared the major differences in athletes who specialized early v those who had a multilateral development: Early Specialisation v Multilateral Development 1. Quick performance improvements v Slower performance improvements 2. Best performances aged 15-16 years(…)

Tennis playing surface and physical preparation

Tennis playing surface and physical preparation

Does the surface of the tennis court have an impact on tennis players’ physiological performance? It appears so. Martin et al. (2011) have demonstrated that clay-court elicits a higher average heart rate (154 v 141 b.min), higher blood lactate concentrations (5.7 v 3.6 mmol.L) and increased duration of rallies (8.5 v 5.9s) over successive games(…)

Exercise in the heat V: pre-cooling for performance

Exercise in the heat V: pre-cooling for performance

When is warming-up a bad idea? Not often, but in a particular circumstance when your athletes will exercise in the heat, the opposite strategy might be more appropriate: pre-cooling. Uckert et al. (2007) examined the effect of three pre-race strategies on endurance performance in the heat. Twenty males participated in the study and were asked(…)