periodisation

Use it or lose it II

Use it or lose it II

We were interested in the story of the personal trainer from Utah who decided to embark on a six month detraining cycle in order to understand the effects of detraining on his body, and also to see what it took his clients to get back fit and healthy. The trainer increased body mass by 80(…)

The strength training continuum I

The strength training continuum I

How does a strength and conditioning coach develop strength in their athletes? The answer to the question is at least twofold: 1) establishing a movement efficient, functional-strength base capacity in your athlete should be a primary aim 2) developing the specific strength qualities for your sport in a periodized plan is where the marginal gains in(…)

LTAD, “windows of opportunity” and athlete development

LTAD, “windows of opportunity” and athlete development

The LTAD model proposed by Balyi & Hamilton (2004) outlines a framework for the development of motor-skills and physical skills which run parallel to a chronological age profile of an athlete. It is an ambitious project that attempts to explain the physiological development of a young athlete all the way to adulthood. It has been(…)

When should an elite youth athlete transition from skill to strength training?

When should an elite youth athlete transition from skill to strength training?

Few guidelines exist to inform the coach when a youth athlete is ready to transition from motor-skill training (e.g. co-ordination, agility, balance, reaction-time) to strength training (force-velocity training, strength and power). Naturally, both are important and desirable qualities in any athlete, but a time does arrive when the emphasis switches from one to the other.(…)

Early specialization v multilateral development II

Early specialization v multilateral development II

The effect of early specialization on long-term athlete development is evidenced on physical and psychological levels. Harre et al. (1982) compared the major differences in athletes who specialized early v those who had a multilateral development: Early Specialisation v Multilateral Development 1. Quick performance improvements v Slower performance improvements 2. Best performances aged 15-16 years(…)