Does the surface of the tennis court have an impact on tennis players’ physiological performance? It appears so.
Martin et al. (2011) have demonstrated that clay-court elicits a higher average heart rate (154 v 141 b.min), higher blood lactate concentrations (5.7 v 3.6 mmol.L) and increased duration of rallies (8.5 v 5.9s) over successive games than resin courts. Interestingly, running speed tests are not significantly different on clay-court. Given that the profile of clay-court tennis play is of higher intensity, specific preparation for the clay-court season (spring-summer) should take place prior to competition. We recommend that particular focus is put on strength and endurance!